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      CommentAuthorDr. X
    • CommentTimeNov 19th 2017
     
    I'm new here so chill and try to understand where I am coming from before you dump me in the shredder, please?  
     
    It seems to me that the terms that we are using, just by definition, make us appear to be crackpots in an unyielding scientific community. Let me explain;  
     
    I, and the general scientific community agree that you can not derive energy from "nowhere". The question therein is not that an operating perpetual device or over-unity device cannot be conceived and built. The question is simply can we explain where the energy is coming from? I think that even the wildest sounding theory and/or practical machine must have an explanation of how it functions, even if we can not ourselves explain it after discovering it.  
     
    Consider where you are in science; as inventors on the forefront of several new and unexplained technologies? It will be someone with our mindset and vision that will make the next world changing breakthroughs, it's always been this way. To understand this we might look to the past to understand the future. For an example let's use electricity? Did Ben Franklin know what electricity was when he flew his kite? How about Gilbert and Browne when they separately worked on the Static Effect? How about the crazy wizard-slash-scientist that was making magic 2000 years ago with the Baghdad Battery? How did the other wizards view his invention? Was the power coming from "Nowhere"? To them yes. To us now, we know that it was a simple chemical reaction that created free electrons.  
     
    My point is this: 2000 years ago the Baghdad battery was, to the current culture, a Free Energy Device. It was Over-unity. The energy came from "Nowhere". We now of course know that it didn't. Today it is not a Free Energy Device. It costs $6 for a pack of 4 at Wallmart and they sell millions a year …. haha, my joke… sorry. You get my point though.  
     
    So are you a wizard with magnets doing strange things? Maybe your machine seems to defy gravity? Maybe you have used a new material in a new way, in a new machine, and it seems to run forever and output energy from "Nowhere". My bet is that 2000 years from now, or next year, someone will be able to tell you that "Oh, that was the first Dimensional Tap" or "GravHarmonic" or "Flux Capacitor". Yeah, it's pulling energy through time from 1955…  
     
    There are millions of Perpetual Motion Devices and Over-Unity Machines that are used every day and widely accepted by the scientific community and general society. The only little difference is that we can identify the energy source. Not so mysterious now, those solar cells and nuclear reactors and D cell batteries, are they?  
     
    Back to terminology: I think where we are at is "New Source Device" or "Unknown Phenomena Machine" or some such. You probably have a cooler term. The point is we are the Wizards of today. Alexander Graham Bell, what a nutcase thinking he can talk through a wire… Madame Curie? oh and Orville and Wilber, Fly? Like a bird? hahaha, what a bunch of Crackpots……Now I'm going back to my lab and watch the wheel that has been spinning for 7 years and again, try to figure out why………
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      CommentAuthorGuest
    • CommentTimeDec 1st 2017
     
    This paper discusses the importance of a pendulum pump which can be used as a supplementary device for pumping water and is
    made to replace hand pumps. One important feature of a pump with a pendulum is that the work is alleviated or in simple terms it
    makes work rather easier when is compared with a traditional hand water pump. It is due to this underlined feature which enables
    the pendulum pump to be used as an efficient mode in the irrigation of smaller lots, water-wells and can also be used in
    extinguishing fires even by old people and children. By the use of pendulum based water pumping system we can increase the
    efficiency of the plant and reduce the effort, cost of production, production time, manpower requirement.
    Keywords: Work alleviation,energy conservation ,dexterity, reciprocating pump, springs,oscillating pendulum
    --------------------------------------------------------------------***-----------------------------------------------------------------
    1. INTRODUCTION
    The ever increasing demand for energy has led to the
    formation of various advanced resources which produces a
    certain part of the required energy.One principal consumer of
    a large amount of energy is our household itself.Large
    amount of electrical energy is wasted in pumping
    water,irrigation purposes etc.It is in this context the
    importance of pendulum pump arises, by the use of which a
    large amount of energy can be conserved and the conserved
    energy can be used for various other purposes.
    A pump is a device that can be used to raise or transfer fluids.
    Pumps are selected for processes not only to raise and
    transfer fluids from one point to another, but also to meet
    some other criterion. This other criteria may be to obtain a
    constant flow rate or constant pressure according to the
    requirement.
    The main importance of a pendulum pump is that the
    initiation energy for starting the process of pumping,
    swinging of the pendulum, is considerably minimum when
    compared with the work required to operate hand pumps.
    Typical hand pumps require sufficiently large effort and an
    average person can use the pump continuously only for a
    short time, but the pendulum pump requires only minimum
    of the effort, because it is only required to oscillate the
    pendulum and can maintain these oscillation for several
    hours, without any fatigue. The advantage of this invention
    compared to present hand pump solutions are: less force to
    start the pump, less water consumption, and both arms can be
    used to fetch the water.
    2. PRINCIPAL COMPONENTS
    2.1 Cycle Frame
    It is the main component of the pump system and is made up
    of steel. The principal mechanism used for the construction
    of the pendulum pump is the slider crank mechanism and the
    frame converts the oscillating movement of the pendulum on
    one side to the reciprocating motion of the piston to the other
    side. The cycle frame consists of seven rigid links which
    converts the pendulum movement into the piston movement.
    Tension and compression springs are properly fixed to the
    frame.
    2.2 Reciprocating Pump
    It is a positive displacement pump. It operates on the
    principle of actual displacement or ‘pushing’ of liquid by a
    piston or a plunger that executes a reciprocating motion in a
    closely fitting cylinder.
    2.3 Springs
    The spring is an elastic object used to store mechanical
    energy. Here in the pendulum pump both tension and
    compression springs are used. It is the function of these
    tension and compression springs to stretch and compress
    according to the load applied.
    2.4 Tension/Extension Spring
    The spring is made to operate with a tension load, so that the
    spring stretches freely as the load is applied to it.
    2.5 Compression Spring
    This is made to operate with a compressive load, so that the
    spring gets shorter as the load is applied to it.
    2.6 Non Return Valves
    A non-return valve or a check valve or one-way valve is a
    valve that normally allows fluid (liquid or gas) to flow
    through it in only one direction.
    IJRET: International Journal of Research in Engineering and Technology eISSN: 2319-1163 | pISSN: 2321-7308
    _______________________________________________________________________________________
    Volume: 04 Special Issue: 03 | INCEPTION-2015 | Apr-2015, Available @ http://www.ijret.org 30
    2.7 Hose Collar
    A hose collar is used to connect a hose to any other valves or
    openings. Here it is used to connect the hose to the nonreturn
    valves at the suction and delivery sides. A hose clamp
    or is simply called a clip which is used to attach and seal a
    hose onto a fitting such as a barb or nipple.
    2.8 Nylon Tubes
    Nylon tubes are connected to the delivery and suction ends of
    the reciprocating pump for the passage of water from the
    sump and the delivery tank.
    2.9 Weight Hanger
    The weight hanger is used to hold the weights and it is the
    oscillating part of the system and thus it acts like a pendulum.
    3. CREO PARAMETRIC MODEL
    Fig.1 Creo parametric model
    Fig.2 Detailing view
    4. RESULTS AND ANALYSIS
    The various parameters that determine the output discharge
    of the pendulum pump are analyzed and the results are
    plotted. Analysis parameters include mass of pendulum,
    swing angle, length of pendulum.
    4.1 Analysis of Mass of the Pendulum
    Here, the discharge is found out by changing the mass of the
    pendulum by maintaining the maximum swing angle and
    maximum length of the pendulum.
    Graph 1 Mass of pendulum, (m) vs Discharge
    4.2 Analysis of Swing Angle of the Pendulum
    Here, the discharge is found out for various swing angles
    (30°, 45° and 55°) by changing the mass of pendulum
    without changing the length of the pendulum (0.55 m).
    Graph 2 Swing angle (α) vs Discharge
    4.3 Analysis of Length of the Pendulum
    Here, the discharge is found out by varying the length of the
    pendulum without changing the mass of the pendulum and
    the swing angle.
    IJRET: International Journal of Research in Engineering and Technology eISSN: 2319-1163 | pISSN: 2321-7308
    _______________________________________________________________________________________
    Volume: 04 Special Issue: 03 | INCEPTION-2015 | Apr-2015, Available @ http://www.ijret.org 31
    Graph 3 Length of pendulum, (l) vs Discharge
    5. ADVANTAGES & DISADVANTAGES
    Some of the advantages are
     Uses the minimum of human strength in comparison
    to present classic hand water pumps.
     In comparison to the hand pumps the energy
    required to initiate the pumping process is
    significantly less for the pendulum pump.
     Requires less water consumption.
     Since maintaining the oscillation of the pendulum
    does not request any special training or dexterity,
    both parts of the pump can be used to draw fluid
    from the source.
     Compact size, easy to relocate, less moving parts,
    hence less maintenance cost
    The limitations include
     Less efficiency when compared to other device.
     Air leakage can affect the entire working of the
    whole unit.
    6. APPLICATIONS
     Drainage: Used to control the level of water in a
    protected area.
     Sewage: Used in the collection and treatment of
    sewage.
     Irrigation: Used to make dry lands agriculturally
    productive.
     Chemical Industry: Used to transport fluids to and from
    various sites in the chemical plant.
     Petroleum Industry: Used in every phase of processing
    of petroleum, its transportation, and separation of the
    impurities.
     Medical Field: Used to pump fluids in and out of the
    body.
     Steel Mills: Cooling water in steel mills can be
    transported using a pendulum pump.
    7. FUTURE SCOPE
     It can be used where the shortage of power or electricity
    is a major issue.
     From experimentation it can be concluded that the
    system is practically feasible.
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